Vietnam >Laos > Cambodia > Non Government Oganizations:
2- Non Government Oganization Rigistration
3- Non Government Organization Sectors
Non Government Oganizations in Cambodia first started their work as the emergeny relief to help Cambodian refugees who returned back in Cambodia under UN supporting program ater the Paris peace agreement was signed. After the general election in 1993, Cambodia had it's first elected government, Non Government Organizations started have been contributing their work for developmening Cambodia by focusing on rural development, educations, health sectors including HIV/AIDS program, Reprodcution Health Security and Birth Space Control, Vaccine and Malaria etc.,
4- Type of NGOs
There are two types of non governemtn organizations in Cambodia.
A- Non government organizations work at national level such as: SILAKA, Church World Service (CWS), American Friend Services in Cambodia (AFSC), and in Laos, Mennonite Central Committee (MCC), PACT, Working Group for Weapon Reduction (WGWR), Youth Resource Development Program (YRDP), Youth For Peace (YFP), Action Conflict Transformation (ACT). These non government mostly works on policies and support their funds to community based NGOs as their implementing agency.
B- Non government organizations worka at grass root level and they are referred to as community based organizations such as Friend Economic Development Association (FEDA), Thean Thor (HIV/AIDS) organization, Banteay Srei Organization, Trail Blaizer Foundation etc., They work at the community level for rural development, to improve educations and health sector.
5- Organizational Structures
Below is the common structures of Non Government Organizations in Cambodia:
Board of Director (BoD)
Board of Director is the top body of the organization to overlook the organization, ensure the transparency, accountability of the oganization to the public, beneficiary and the donors. Board of Director (BoD) also participate in fund raising activities, represent the NGOs in the public and making policies for the organization. Board of Director consists of minimum 3 members for a small organization to a larger member for a bigger organization. Board of Director should has odd number for easy voting system. Board of Director (BoD) should has less than 50% expat and more than 50% Cambodian people. So to represent the national interest. Board of Director can hire and fire Executive Director of the Organization but do not interphere in daily operation of the organization.
Executive Director should form a Management Committee through the meeting and approval from the Board of Director. But the Management Committee should be led by Executive Director. In some organizations, the Management Committee is called Administrative Committe and the members can be Administrative Officers, all Project Officers, Chief Information Officer. For a larger organization, the Management Committee should have more members from other departments.
The above are two important top body to lead an organization. Some large organizations should have Financial Committee incluing Financial Officer and Financial Advisor as members. Financial Advisor can be a national consultant or international consultant.
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